Nanomedicine, Nanorobotics, Nanofactories, Molecular Assemblers and Machine-Phase Nanotechnology

Publications of Robert A. Freitas Jr.

 

 

Peer-Reviewed Papers, Patents, and Conference Publications

  1. Damian G. Allis, Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, “Single-Atom Radical-Exchange Mechanosynthetic Transfer Reactions for Period 1,2,3,4 Elements using Monosubstituted Adamantane Tools and Workpieces,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 11(2014). In preparation.
  2. Colin Weatherbee, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanoscale Robot Navigation of the Human Kidney,” 2014. In preparation.
  3. Denis Tarasov, Ekaterina Izotova, Diana Alisheva, Natalia Akberova, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Optimal Approach Trajectories for a Hydrogen Donation Tool in Positionally Controlled Diamond Mechanosynthesis,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 10(September 2013):1899-1907. Abstract ..... Full Paper (PDF, 1.5 MB, uncorrected proof)
  4. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Chapter 6. Diamondoid Nanorobotics,” in Constantinos Mavroidis, Antoine Ferreira, eds., NanoRobotics: Current Approaches and Techniques, Springer, New York, 2013. Purchase Book (Amazon) ..... preprint of Full Paper (PDF, 0.3 MB)
  5. Nuno R.B. Martins, Wolfram Erlhagen, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Non-destructive whole-brain monitoring using nanorobots: Neural electrical data rate requirements,” Intl. J. Machine Consciousness 4(June 2012):109-140. IJMC Abstract (HTML) ..... preprint of Full Paper (PDF, 0.6 MB)
  6. Tad Hogg, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Acoustic Communication for Medical Nanorobots,” Nano Communication Networks 3(June 2012):83-102. Arxiv Preprint ..... Abstract of Article in Press
  7. Denis Tarasov, Ekaterina Izotova, Diana Alisheva, Natalia Akberova, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Structural Stability of Clean and Passivated Nanodiamonds having Ledge, Step, or Corner Features,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 9(January 2012):144-158. Abstract ..... Full Paper (PDF, 1.9 MB, uncorrected proof)
  8. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Chapter 11. Diamondoid Mechanosynthesis for Tip-Based Nanofabrication,” in Ampere Tseng, ed., Tip-Based Nanofabrication: Fundamentals and Applications, Springer, New York, 2011, pp. 387-400. Purchase Book (Amazon) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 0.4 MB)
  9. Damian G. Allis, Brian Helfrich, Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, “Analysis of Diamondoid Mechanosynthesis Tooltip Pathologies Generated via a Distributed Computing Approach,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 8(July 2011):1139-1161. Abstract ..... Full Paper (PDF, 2.1 MB, uncorrected proof) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 1 MB)
  10. Denis Tarasov, Ekaterina Izotova, Diana Alisheva, Natalia Akberova, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Structural Stability of Clean, Passivated, and Partially Dehydrogenated Cuboid and Octahedral Nanodiamonds up to 2 Nanometers in Size,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 8(February 2011):147-167. Abstract ..... Full Paper (PDF, 2.2 MB, uncorrected proof)
  11. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Chapter 23. Comprehensive Nanorobotic Control of Human Morbidity and Aging,” in Gregory M. Fahy, Michael D. West, L. Stephen Coles, and Steven B. Harris, eds, The Future of Aging: Pathways to Human Life Extension, Springer, New York, 2010, pp. 685-805. Publisher's book website ..... Publisher's book flyer ..... Purchase Book (Amazon) ..... Full Chapter Text (PDF, 2.8 MB, uncorrected proof)
  12. Tad Hogg, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Chemical Power for Microscopic Robots in Capillaries,” Nanomedicine: Nanotech. Biol. Med. 6(April 2010):298-317. Abstract ..... Arxiv Preprint ..... Full Paper (PDF, 0.6 MB)
  13. Robert A. Freitas Jr., A Simple Tool for Positional Diamond Mechanosynthesis, and its Method of Manufacture, U.S. Patent No. 7,687,146, issued 30 March 2010. US7687146 (PDF, 1.2 MB, 68 pp) ..... USPTO (HTML) ..... FreePatentsOnline (HTML) ..... FreePatentsOnline (PDF)
  14. Denis Tarasov, Natalia Akberova, Ekaterina Izotova, Diana Alisheva, Maksim Astafiev, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Optimal Tooltip Trajectories in a Hydrogen Abstraction Tool Recharge Reaction Sequence for Positionally Controlled Diamond Mechanosynthesis,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 7(February 2010):325-353. Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 3.2 MB)
  15. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Welcome to the Future of Medicine,” Studies in Health Technol. Inform. 149(2009):251-256. PubMed Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper (HTML)
  16. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Medical Nanorobotics: The Long-Term Goal for Nanomedicine,” in Mark J. Schulz, Vesselin N. Shanov, eds., Nanomedicine Design of Particles, Sensors, Motors, Implants, Robots, and Devices, Artech House, Norwood MA, 2009, Chapter 14, pp. 367-392. Artech House book listing ..... Table of Contents ..... Full Chapter Text (PDF, 0.3 MB)
  17. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Chapter 15. Computational Tasks in Medical Nanorobotics,” in M.M. Eshaghian-Wilner, ed., Bio-inspired and Nano-scale Integrated Computing, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2009, pp. 391-428. Purchase Hardcover (Amazon) ..... Full Chapter Text (PDF, 5.2 MB)
  18. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Meeting the Challenge of Building Diamondoid Medical Nanorobots,” Intl. J. Robotics Res. 28(April 2009):548-557. (DOI: 10.1177/0278364908100501) IJJR Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper (HTML, 1.0 MB) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 0.4 MB)
  19. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, “A Minimal Toolset for Positional Diamond Mechanosynthesis,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 5(May 2008):760-861. Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 6.5 MB)
  20. Adriano Cavalcanti, Bijan Shirinzadeh, Robert A. Freitas Jr., Tad Hogg, “Nanorobot Architecture for Medical Target Identification,” Nanotechnology 19(January 2008):015103. Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Text (PDF, IOP-restricted access, 1.5 MB) ..... Ranked most accessed paper for journal in 2008
  21. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Medical Nanorobotics: Breaking the Trance of Futility in Life Extension Research,” Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 1(December 2007), article 6. Full Text (PDF, 0.1 MB) ..... Full Text (PDF, 0.1 MB)
  22. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, Positional Diamond Mechanosynthesis: Toolset, Reactions, Uses and Products, U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/970,658, filed 7 September 2007. Abstract (HTML)
  23. Berhane Temelso, C. David Sherrill, Ralph C. Merkle, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Ab Initio Thermochemistry of the Hydrogenation of Hydrocarbon Radicals Using Silicon, Germanium, Tin and Lead Substituted Methane and Isobutane,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111(15 August 2007):8677-8688. ACS Abstract (HTML) ..... PubMed Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 0.2 MB)
  24. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “The Ideal Gene Delivery Vector: Chromallocytes, Cell Repair Nanorobots for Chromosome Replacement Therapy,” J. Evol. Technol. 16(June 2007):1-97. Full Paper (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 3.7 MB) ..... Image from Stimulacra LCC ..... Image from Stimulacra LCC ..... Animation from CG4TV
  25. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Damian G. Allis, Ralph C. Merkle, “Horizontal Ge-Substituted Polymantane-Based C2 Dimer Placement Tooltip Motifs for Diamond Mechanosynthesis,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 4(May 2007):433-442. Ingenta Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 0.7 MB)
  26. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Chapter 13. Progress in Nanomedicine and Medical Nanorobotics,” in Michael Rieth, Wolfram Schommers, eds., Handbook of Theoretical and Computational Nanotechnology, Volume 6 (Bioinformatics, Nanomedicine, and Drug Design), American Scientific Publishers, Stevenson Ranch, CA, 2006, pp. 619-672. Full Paper (PDF, 2.7 MB)
  27. Berhane Temelso, C. David Sherrill, Ralph C. Merkle, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “High-level Ab Initio Studies of Hydrogen Abstraction from Prototype Hydrocarbon Systems,” J. Phys. Chem. A 110 (28 September 2006):11160-11173. ACS Abstract (HTML) ..... PubMed Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 0.4 MB)
  28. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Pharmacytes: An Ideal Vehicle for Targeted Drug Delivery,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 6(September/October 2006):2769-2775. Special Issue on Nanotechnology in Advanced Drug Delivery ..... PubMed Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 2.2 MB)
  29. Jingping Peng, Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, James R. Von Ehr, John N. Randall, George D. Skidmore, “Theoretical Analysis of Diamond Mechanosynthesis. Part III. Positional C2 Deposition on Diamond C(110) Surface using Si/Ge/Sn-based Dimer Placement Tools,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 3(February 2006):28-41. Full Paper (PDF, 1.0 MB)
  30. Adriano Cavalcanti, Robert A. Freitas Jr., Luiz C. Kretly, “Nanorobotics Control Design: A Practical Approach Tutorial,” Robotics Today (SME Society of Manufacturing Engineers) 18(4th Quarter, 2005):1-22. Full Paper (PDF, 0.7 MB)
  31. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanotechnology, Nanomedicine and Nanosurgery (Invited Editorial),” Intl. J. Surgery 3(December 2005):1-4. Full Paper (PDF, 0.3 MB) ..... See also (HTML)
  32. Adriano Cavalcanti, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanorobotics control design: A collective behavior approach for medicine,” IEEE Trans. NanoBioSci. 4(June 2005):133-140. PubMed Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 1.3 MB)
  33. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “What is Nanomedicine?” Disease-A-Month 51(June 2005):325-341. PubMed Abstract (HTML) ..... Table of Contents (PDF) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 0.3 MB)
  34. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Microbivores: Artificial Mechanical Phagocytes using Digest and Discharge Protocol,” J. Evol. Technol. 14(April 2005):55-106. Full Paper (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 1.2 MB) ..... Nanomedicine Art Gallery images ..... Microbivore website (unofficial)
  35. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “What is Nanomedicine?” Nanomedicine: Nanotech. Biol. Med. 1(March 2005):2-9. PubMed Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 0.3 MB)
  36. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Current Status of Nanomedicine and Medical Nanorobotics (Invited Survey),” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 2(March 2005):1-25. Ingenta Abstract ..... Full Paper (PDF, 1.3 MB)
  37. Adriano Cavalcanti, Robert A. Freitas Jr., Luiz C. Kretly, “Nanorobotics control design: A practical approach tutorial,” Paper No. DETC2004-57031, 28th Biennial Mechanisms and Robotics Conference MECH-3: Robotics: Applications, ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences (DETC2004), Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, 28 September - 2 October 2004. Full Text (PDF) ..... Slide Presentation (PPT)
  38. David J. Mann, Jingping Peng, Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, “Theoretical Analysis of Diamond Mechanosynthesis. Part II. C2 Mediated Growth of Diamond C(110) Surface via Si/Ge-Triadamantane Dimer Placement Tools,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 1(March 2004):71-80. Full Text (PDF, 2.1 MB)
  39. Jingping Peng, Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, “Theoretical Analysis of Diamond Mechanosynthesis. Part I. Stability of C2 Mediated Growth of Nanocrystalline Diamond C(110) Surface,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci. 1(March 2004):62-70. Full Text (PDF, 3.1 MB)
  40. Robert A. Freitas Jr., A Simple Tool for Positional Diamond Mechanosynthesis, and its Method of Manufacture, U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/543,802, filed 11 February 2004; U.S. Patent Pending, 11 February 2005. Full Paper (HTML, 1.0 MB) ..... See Also (HTML)
  41. Ralph C. Merkle, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Theoretical analysis of a carbon-carbon dimer placement tool for diamond mechanosynthesis,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 3(August 2003):319-324. PubMed Abstract (HTML) ..... Conference Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF) ..... Full Paper (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF)
  42. Adriano Cavalcanti, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanosystem Design with Dynamic Collision Detection for Autonomous Nanorobot Motion Control using Neural Networks, Computer Graphics and Geometry, MEPhI 5(May 2003):50-74. Full Paper (HTML)
  43. Adriano Cavalcanti, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanosystem design with dynamic collision detection for autonomous nanorobot motion control using neural networks,” Plenary Lecture, Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH - Graphicon Intl. Conf. on Computer Graphics, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (http://www.graphicon.ru/), September 2002, pp. 75-80. Full Paper (PDF)
  44. Adriano Cavalcanti, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Collective robotics coherent behavior for nanosystems with sensor-based neural motion,” Proc. IEEE Intl. Conf. on Artificial Intelligence Systems (AIS’02), Divnomorskoe/Gelendzhick, Russia (http://icai.tsure.ru/), IEEE Computer Society Press, September 2002, pp.185-190. Abstract (HTML)
  45. Adriano Cavalcanti, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Autonomous multi-robot sensor-based cooperation for nanomedicine,” Intl. J. Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical Simulation 3(2002):743-746 (Special Issue, Proceedings of the International Conference on Micro & Nano Systems 2002 (ICMNS 2002) August 11 - 14, 2002, Kunming, China; http://www.ijnsns.com/2002-03-04.html). Full Paper (PDF) ..... Full Paper (HTML)
  46. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “The future of nanofabrication and molecular scale devices in nanomedicine,” Studies in Health Technol. Inform. 80(2002):45-59. Also cited as: Robert A. Freitas Jr., “The Future of Nanofabrication and Molecular Scale Devices in Nanomedicine,” in Renata G. Bushko, ed., Future of Health Technology, IOS Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2002, pp. 45-59. PubMed Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper (HTML)
  47. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Christopher J. Phoenix, “Vasculoid: A personal nanomedical appliance to replace human blood,” J. Evol. Technol. 11(April 2002):1-139. Full Paper (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF) ..... Full Paper (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF)
  48. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanodentistry,” J. Amer. Dent. Assoc. 131(November 2000):1559-1566 (cover story). PubMed Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper at JADA (PDF, 0.3 MB) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 0.3 MB) ..... Excerpt from Paper (HTML) ..... Nanomedicine Art Gallery images
  49. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Respirocytes in Nanomedicine,” Graft: Organ and Cell Transplantation 52(May 2050):148-154. (Special “Future Issue,” published May 2000; cover story.) Full Article (HTML, 1.1 MB)
  50. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Exploratory Design in Medical Nanotechnology: A Mechanical Artificial Red Cell,” Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobil. Biotech. 26(1998):411-430. (The original "respirocytes" technical paper.) PubMed Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Paper (HTML) ..... Summary Article (HTML) ..... French Translation Full Paper (PDF) ..... Russian Translation Article Extract (HTML) ..... Nanomedicine Art Gallery images ..... Award-Winning Animation (IMM website) ..... Award-Winning Animation (Phlesch Bubble website Also) ..... Respirocyte website (unofficial)

 

 

Books

  1. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, Volume III: Applications, Landes Bioscience, Georgetown, TX, 2014-18; http://www.nanomedicine.com/NMIII.htm. In preparation.
  2. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, Volume IIB: Systems and Operations, Landes Bioscience, Georgetown, TX, 2012-16; http://www.nanomedicine.com/NMIIB.htm. In preparation.
  3. Robert A. Freitas Jr., J. Storrs Hall, Fundamentals of Nanomechanical Engineering, 2011-2015, in preparation.
  4. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, Diamond Surfaces and Diamond Mechanosynthesis, 2010-2014, in preparation. Full Text (HTML) (not yet available)
  5. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, Kinematic Self-Replicating Machines, Landes Bioscience, Georgetown, TX, 2004. Full Text (HTML) ..... Advance Purchase directly from Landes Bioscience ..... Purchase Hardcover (Amazon) ..... Purchase Hardcover (Barnes & Noble) ..... German Translation of Chapter 1 (HTML)
  6. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, Volume IIA: Biocompatibility, Landes Bioscience, Georgetown, TX, 2003. Full Text (HTML) ..... Advance Purchase directly from Landes Bioscience ..... Purchase Hardcover (Amazon) ..... Subscription Version online at eurekah.com (PDF) ..... S. Karger Publ. hardcover edition (February 2004)
  7. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, Volume I: Basic Capabilities, Landes Bioscience, Georgetown, TX, 1999. Full Text (HTML) ..... Purchase Hardcover (Amazon) ..... Purchase Hardcover (Barnes & Noble) ..... Purchase Softcover (Amazon) ..... Purchase Softcover (Barnes & Noble) ..... Purchase directly from Landes Bioscience ..... Chapter 3 (early version, Foresight Institute, HTML) ..... Japanese Language Version (Cover Only, HTML)
  8. Robert A. Freitas Jr., William P. Gilbreath, eds., Advanced Automation for Space Missions, NASA Conference Publication CP-2255 (N83-15348), U.S. GPO, Washington, DC, 1982. Full Text (HTML)

 

 

Other Publications and Lectures

  1. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “The life-saving future of medicine,” The Guardian (U.K.), 29 March 2014 Supplement, back page. Full Article (HTML)
  2. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Chapter 6. Welcome to the Future of Medicine,” in Max More, Natasha Vita-More, eds., The Transhumanist Reader: Classical and Contemporary Essays on the Science, Technology, and Philosophy of the Human Future, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013, pp. 67-72. Amazon hardcover ..... Amazon paperback
  3. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Foreword,” in: Wim Helwegen, Luca Escoffier, eds., Nanotechnology Commercialization for Managers and Scientists, Pan Stanford Publishing Pte. Ltd., Singapore, 2012, pp. xxv-xxvi. Full Article (PDF) ..... Purchase Book (AllBookstores.com) ..... Publisher's Website
  4. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanorobots in Your Future,” What's Happening Magazine, 15 April 2011. Full Article (HTML)
  5. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Long-Term Financial Stability in Cryonics,” Cryonics 31(Third Quarter, 2010):4. Full Article (HTML)
  6. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Scenario Analysis using a Simple Econometric Model of Alcor Finances,” Alcor Foundation, 15 October 2010. Full Paper (PDF, 0.4 MB) ..... Excel Spreadsheet (XLS, 0.3 MB)
  7. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Diamond Trees (Tropostats): A Molecular Manufacturing Based System for Compositional Atmospheric Homeostasis,” IMM Report 43, 10 February 2010. Full Paper (PDF, 2.7 MB)
  8. Robert A. Freitas Jr. “The Future of Nanomedicine,” The Futurist (January-February 2010):21-22 (“2020 Visionaries” essays). Full Article (PDF) ..... Full Article (HTML) ..... Magazine Cover (JPG) ..... Amazon.com listing (HTML)
  9. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, “Nanomedicine,” Manhattan Beach Project Summit, Manhattan Beach, California, 13-15 November 2009. YouTube Video
  10. “Interview with Robert Freitas and Ralph Merkle,” Cryonics 29(Fourth Quarter, 2008):9-11. (published August 2009) Full Article (PDF, 2 MB)
  11. Ralph C. Merkle, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “A Cryopreservation Revival Scenario using MNT,” Cryonics 29(Fourth Quarter, 2008):6-8. (published August 2009) Full Article (HTML) ..... Full Original Issue (PDF, 2 MB)
  12. Ralph C. Merkle, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “The Importance of MNT to the Cryonics Community,” Cryonics 29(Fourth Quarter, 2008):4-5. (published August 2009) Full Article (PDF, 2 MB)
  13. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanomedicine and Medical Nanorobotics,” USA Encyclopedia Nanoscience and Nanotechnologies, UNESCO, 2009.
  14. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanomedicine,” in Stephen Valentine, Timeship: The Architecture of Immortality, Images Publications, Mulgrave, VIC, Australia, 2009, pp. 10-11. Purchase Book (AllBookstores.com)
  15. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanotechnology and Radically Extended Life Span,” Life Extension Magazine 15(January 2009):80-85. Full Article (HTML) ..... Full Article (PDF)
  16. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, “Freitas, Merkle Respond to ‘Rupturing the Nanotech Rapture’ by Richard Jones,” submitted to IEEE Spectrum on 5 June 2008; reprinted as “Research challenges for the diamondoid mechanosynthesis path to advanced nanotechnology,” Nanodot, 29 October 2008. Full Text (HTML) ..... Comment (HTML)
  17. Ralph C. Merkle, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Mechanosynthesis -- Ralph Merkle & Robert Freitas,” presentation at the Foresight Vision Weekend, 3 Nobember 2007. Google Video (51 minutes; 125 MB) ..... Complete Text of the Talk and Q&A (HTML) ..... Blog Entry
  18. D.R. Forrest, R.A. Freitas Jr., N. Jacobstein, “Scanning Probe Diamondoid Mechanosynthesis,” IMM White Paper, 1 August 2007. Full Paper (PDF)
  19. David R. Forrest, Robert A. Freitas Jr., Neil Jacobstein, “Scanning Probe Diamondoid Mechanosynthesis,” Report 05, Part 3 -- Working Group Proceedings: Atomically Precise Fabrication, Battelle/Foresight International Technology Roadmap for Productive Nanosystems, 2007, pp. 05-1 - 05-4. Full Paper (PDF, requires 14 MB download)
  20. David R. Forrest, Robert A. Freitas Jr., Neil Jacobstein, “Molecular Motors, Actuators, and Mechanical Devices,” Report 23, Part 3 -- Working Group Proceedings: Motors and Movers, Battelle/Foresight International Technology Roadmap for Productive Nanosystems, 2007, pp. 23-1 - 23-8. Full Paper (PDF, requires 14 MB download)
  21. David R. Forrest, Robert A. Freitas Jr., Neil Jacobstein, “Applications for Positionally Controlled Atomically Precise Manufacturing Capability,” Report 30, Part 3 -- Working Group Proceedings: Applications, Battelle/Foresight International Technology Roadmap for Productive Nanosystems, 2007, pp. 30-1 - 30-5. Full Paper (PDF, requires 14 MB download)
  22. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Das Nanorobotische Hautdisplay (The Nanorobotic Dermal Display),” in Tristan Thielmann, Jens Schroter, eds., Display II Digital, Navi Gationen: Zeitschrift fur Medien- und Kulturwissenschaften, Schuren Verlag GmbH, 2007, pp. 133-137. In German.
  23. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanomedicine and Medical Nanorobotics,” in Horst Doelle, ed., Encyclopedia for Life Support Systems (EOLSS), UNESCO, EOLSS Publishers Co. Ltd., 2007. Also published in Russian, 2009 (announcement).
  24. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Personal Choice in the Coming Era of Nanomedicine,” in Patrick Lin, Fritz Allhoff, Jim Moor, John Weckert, eds., Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology, John Wiley, NY, 2007, pp. 161-172. Full Paper (DOC, 0.1 MB)
  25. “Ray Kurzweil and Robert Freitas discuss nanotechnology” -- Ray Kurzweil interviews Robert Freitas: Bonus footage from The Singularity is Near movie, 30 May 2007. YouTube
  26. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanorobots in Your Bloodstream,” in Futur 2030, FYP Editions/Futuroscope, April 2007. In French.
  27. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanomedicine (interview),” Foresight Update No. 57, Winter 2006, pp. 7, 10. Full Paper (PDF)
  28. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Ralph C. Merkle, “Nanofactory Collaboration” website, 2006; http://www.MolecularAssembler.com/Nanofactory
  29. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanomedicine and Medical Nanorobotics: The Path Forward,” Invited Lecture delivered at the Sixth Alcor Conference: An Inside Look at the Science and Medicine of Tomorrow, 7 October 2006, Scottsdale, AZ. Abstract (HTML) ..... Lecture Transcript (HTML) ..... Matus1976 blog entry (HTML)
  30. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “A Proposal to Evaluate the Possibility of “Thermal Censorship” of the Existential Ecophagic Risk,” Lifeboat Foundation, 12 September 2006. Full Paper (HTML)
  31. Michael Vassar, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Lifeboat Foundation NanoShield Proposal,” Lifeboat Foundation, July 2006. Full Paper (HTML)
  32. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), “Scientific Overview: Human Enhancement and the Means of Achieving It,” Scientific Freedom, Responsibility & Law Program, AAAS Invitational Workshop on Human Enhancement, Washington DC, 1-2 June 2006. Full Paper (HTML) ..... Full Paper (PDF)
  33. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Economic Impact of the Personal Nanofactory,” Nanotechnology Perceptions: A Review of Ultraprecision Engineering and Nanotechnology 2(May 2006):111-126. Full Paper (PDF) ..... Full Paper (HTML)
  34. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “What Price Freedom?” Nanotechnology Perceptions: A Review of Ultraprecision Engineering and Nanotechnology 2(May 2006):99-106. Full Paper (PDF) ..... Full Paper (HTML)
  35. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Molecular Manufacturing: Too Dangerous to Allow?” Nanotechnology Perceptions: A Review of Ultraprecision Engineering and Nanotechnology 2(March 2006):15-24. Full Paper (PDF) ..... Full Paper (HTML) ..... Lifeboat Foundation Full Paper (HTML)
  36. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanomedicine and 21st Century Healthcare,” foreword in: Simon Young, Designer Evolution: A Transhumanist Manifesto, Prometheus Press, 2005. Full Paper (HTML) (Young's book is available for purchase online at Amazon.com and at Barnes&Noble.com.)
  37. T. McKendree, R. Freitas, A. Globus, M. Levit, C. Sherrill, M. Li, R. Merkle, “Challenges of Molecular Nanotechnology for Space Exploration,” AIAA-2005-6814, AIAA Space 2005 Conference, Long Beach, CA, 30-31 August 2005. Abstract (PDF) ..... Full Paper (PDF, 0.6 MB)
  38. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanomedicine, Natural Death, and the Quest for Accident-Limited Healthspans,” in Immortality Institute, eds., The Scientific Conquest of Death: Essays on Infinite Lifespans, 2004. Full Text (HTML) ..... Full Text (HTML) ..... Book Review {HTML) ..... Amazon Book Listing (HTML)
  39. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanomedicine and Medical Nanorobotics,” Invited Lecture delivered at the First Foresight Conference on Advanced Nanotechnology, 23 October 2004, Washington, DC. Abstract (HTML)
  40. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Pathway to Diamond-Based Molecular Manufacturing,” Invited Lecture delivered at the First Symposium on Molecular Machine Systems at the First Foresight Conference on Advanced Nanotechnology, 22 October 2004, Washington, DC. Abstract (HTML) ..... Abstract (DOC) ..... Online Version of the Lecture (HTML, 1.7 MB)
  41. The Last Transmission of Frodo Baggins, 14 August 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  42. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Will Intracellular Medical Nanorobots Disrupt the Cytoskeleton (Part II)?” Foresight Update No. 53, January 2004, pp. 11-12. Full Paper (HTML)
  43. Ralph C. Merkle, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Speeding the development of molecular nanotechnology,” Foresight Institute R&D proposal, December 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  44. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Technical Bibliography for Research on Positional Mechanosynthesis,” Foresight Institute website, 16 December 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  45. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, KurzweilAI.net, 17 November 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  46. Ralph C. Merkle, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Computational chemistry as the key to developing molecular manufacturing,” Computational Nanotechnology/Nanofabrication session, presentation No. 113, 225th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA, 23-27 March 2003. Abstract (HTML)
  47. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Will Intracellular Medical Nanorobots Disrupt the Cytoskeleton (Part I)?” Foresight Update No. 51, March 2003, pp. 15-17. Full Paper (HTML)
  48. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Is Sapphire Biocompatible With Living Cells?” Foresight Update No. 50, November 2002, pp. 15-17. Full Paper (HTML)
  49. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “I progressi dell’elettronica molecolare (Progress in molecular electronics),” Il libro dell’anno (Book of the Year), Enciclopedia Italiana, Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Treccani Institute, Rome, Italy, 2002. In Italian. Full Text, with translation (HTML)
  50. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Death is an Outrage!” Invited Lecture delivered at the Fifth Alcor Conference on Extreme Life Extension, 16 November 2002, Newport Beach, CA. Abstract ..... Online Version of the Lecture (HTML) ..... Longevity Meme version (HTML) ..... KurzweilAI.net version (HTML) ..... Immortality Institute version (HTML) ..... reviewed by Ray Kurzweil (PDF)
  51. Ralph C. Merkle, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Theoretical analysis of a carbon-carbon dimer placement tool for diamond mechanosynthesis,” paper presented at the 10th Foresight Conference on Molecular Nanotechnology, October 2002. Abstract (HTML)
  52. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Could Medical Nanorobots Be Carcinogenic?” Foresight Update No. 49, August 2002, pp. 8-9. Full Paper (HTML)
  53. Neil Jacobstein, Ralph Merkle, Robert Freitas, Balancing the National Nanotechnology Initiative's R&D Portfolio: A Foresight/IMM White Paper submitted to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy,” Institute for Molecular Manufacturing (IMM) policy document, 29 May 2002. Full Text (PDF, 0.1 MB) ..... Full Text (PDF) ..... also reprinted in Foresight Update, No. 52, 31 August 2003, pp. 1, 14-15, available here (HTML)
  54. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “The Vasculoid Personal Appliance,” Foresight Update No. 48, 31 March 2002, pp. 10-12. Summary Article (HTML) ..... Russian Translation Full Paper (HTML)
  55. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “The gray goo problem,” excerpted version published on KurzweilAI.net, 20 March 2002. Summary Article (HTML)
  56. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Respirocytes and Their Uses in Future Nanomedicine,” Doctor Tandy's Guide to Life Extension and Transhumanity, Ria University Press, 2001, pp. 109-125. Full Text (HTML) ..... Purchase Hardcover (Barnes & Noble) ..... Nanomedicine Art Gallery images ..... Award-Winning Animation (IMM website) ..... Award-Winning Animation (Phlesch Bubble website)
  57. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Book Review of Travels to the Nanoworld, by Michael Gross,” Qtr. Rev. Biol. 76(December 2001):486. Full Paper (HTML)
  58. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Volumetric Cellular Intrusiveness of Medical Nanorobots,” Foresight Update No. 47, 31 December 2001, pp. 7-9. Full Paper (HTML)
  59. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Robots in the bloodstream: the promise of nanomedicine,” Pathways, The Novartis Journal 2(October-December 2001):36-41. Full Article (HTML)
  60. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “How Nanorobots Can Avoid Phagocytosis by White Cells – Part II,” Foresight Update No. 46, 30 September 2001, pp. 18-20. Full Paper (HTML)
  61. K. Eric Drexler, David Forrest, Robert A. Freitas Jr., J. Storrs Hall, Ph.D., Neil Jacobstein, Tom McKendree, Ralph Merkle, Christine Peterson, “On Physics, Fundamentals, and Nanorobots: A Rebuttal to Smalley's Assertion that Self-Replicating Mechanical Nanorobots Are Simply Not Possible,” Institute for Molecular Manufacturing, September 2001. Full Paper (HTML)
  62. K. Eric Drexler, David Forrest, Robert A. Freitas Jr., J. Storrs Hall, Ph.D., Neil Jacobstein, Tom McKendree, Ralph Merkle, Christine Peterson, “Many Future Nanomachines: A Rebuttal to Whiteside's Assertion That Mechanical Molecular Assemblers Are Not Workable and Not A Concern,” Institute for Molecular Manufacturing, September 2001. Full Paper (HTML)
  63. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “How Nanorobots Can Avoid Phagocytosis by White Cells – Part I,” Foresight Update No. 45, 30 June 2001, pp. 10-12. Full Paper (HTML)
  64. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Deus Ex Digita?” May 2001. Outline of Paper (HTML)
  65. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Microbivores: Artificial Mechanical Phagocytes,” Foresight Update No. 44, 31 March 2001, pp. 11-13. Summary Article (HTML) ..... Summary Article (HTML) ..... Russian Translation Summary Article (HTML) ..... Nanomedicine Art Gallery images
  66. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Microbivores: Artificial Mechanical Phagocytes using Digest and Discharge Protocol,” Zyvex preprint, March 2001. Full Paper (HTML) ..... Nanomedicine Art Gallery images ..... Microbivore website (unofficial)
  67. Titus Schleyer, Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanotechnologie in dentistry,” 47. Zahnarztetag der Zahnarztekammer Westfalen-Lippe, 15-18 March 2001, Bad Salzuflen. In German.
  68. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanopyrexia,” Foresight Update No. 43, 30 December 2000, pp. 14-16. Full Paper (HTML)
  69. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “System Builders: K. Eric Drexler,” Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Monday, 18 September 2000, page 57.
  70. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Will Serum Proteins Stick to Nanorobot Surfaces?” Foresight Update No. 42, 30 September 2000, pp. 12-14. Full Paper (HTML)
  71. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Say Ah!” The Sciences 40(July/August 2000):26-31. Full Article (HTML) ..... Full Article (HTML) ..... Full Article (HTML). Letters to the Editor from Bill Joy, Nadrian Seeman and Barry Kriegel, with response by Robert Freitas in: “Mini Menace?” The Sciences 40(November/December 2000):3, 45. Letters to the Editor (HTML)
  72. Jordan Mejias, Joachim Muller-Jung, Frank Schirrmacher, “Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung interviews James Von Ehr II, Ralph C. Merkle, and Robert A. Freitas Jr.,” Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ), 21 September 2000, p. 59. Full Interview (HTML) ..... Full Interview (HTML)
  73. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Tangible Nanomoney,” Nanotechnology Industries Newsletter, Issue II, July 2000, pp. 2-11. Full Paper (HTML) ..... Full Paper (HTML) ..... Full Paper (HTML)
  74. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanomedicine and life extension,” Maximum Life Foundation, Life Extension Summit Conference, Los Angeles, California, 24 June 2000.
  75. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Clottocytes: Artificial Mechanical Platelets,” Foresight Update No. 41, 30 June 2000, pp. 9-11. Full Paper (HTML) ..... Full Paper (HTML) ..... Russian Translation Full Paper (HTML)
  76. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Some Limits to Global Ecophagy by Biovorous Nanoreplicators, with Public Policy Recommendations,” Zyvex Corp. report, April 2000. Full Paper (HTML) ..... Full Paper (HTML) ..... Summary Article (HTML) ..... French Translation Full Paper (RTF) ..... Lifeboat Foundation Full Paper (HTML)
  77. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine Art Gallery website, March 2000; http://www.foresight.org/Nanomedicine/Gallery/index.html
  78. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Announcing the Opening of the Nanomedicine Art Gallery,” Foresight Update No. 40, 31 March 2000, pp. 9-10. Full Article (HTML)
  79. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Mechanoenzymes: A non-SPM-based approach to molecular mechanoassembly,” brief notes, 21 February 2000. Full Text (HTML)
  80. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Is Diamond Biocompatible With Living Cells?” Foresight Update No. 39, 30 December 1999, pp. 7-9. Full Paper (HTML) ..... Russian Translation Full Paper (HTML)
  81. Richard Terra, “Interview with Robert A. Freitas Jr.,” Foresight Update No. 38, 30 September 1999, pp. 10-12. Full Article (HTML)
  82. Brian Shock, “A Few Questions and Answers with Robert Freitas, the Author of Nanomedicine,” Cryonics 20(2nd Qtr 1999):23-25.
  83. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Nanomedicine: Frequently Asked Questions,” Cryonics 20(1st Qtr 1999):17-22. Article Extract (HTML)
  84. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Novel Pathway to First-Generation Molecular Assemblers, preliminary draft paper, 18 November 1998. Full Text (HTML)
  85. Robert A. Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine FAQ, Foresight Institute website, 27 October 1998. Full Text (HTML) ..... Russian Translation Full Text (HTML)
  86. “Self-Replication and Nanotechnology: A discussion between Robert Freitas, Tom McKendree, Anthony G. Francis, Jr., and Tihamer Toth-Fejel,” The Assembler 4(Fourth Quarter, 1996):4-10. Full Article (HTML)
  87. R.A. Freitas Jr., “Dermal zippers,” internal design study, Institute for Molecular Manufacturing, 1996.
  88. R.A. Freitas Jr., “The end of heart disease,” internal design study, Institute for Molecular Manufacturing, 1996.
  89. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “Respirocytes: High Performance Artificial Nanotechnology Red Cells,” Nanotechnology Magazine 2(October 1996):1, 8-13. Full Article (PDF)
  90. Robert A. Freitas Jr., “The Future of Computers,” Analog 116(March 1996):57-73. Full Article (HTML)

(Earlier publications, 1976-1990)

 

 

Reviews of Nanomedicine, Vol. I (1999)

  1. Nanomedicine, Volume I: Basic Capabilities, BetterHumans, 13 December 2002. Full Text (HTML)
  2. Lawrence Rosenberg, M.D., Ph.D., “A Review of Nanomedicine,” New Surgery, Spring 2001. Full Text (HTML) ..... Full Text (HTML) ..... Full Text (HTML)
  3. Alex M. Andrew, “Book Reviews. Nanomedicine, Volume I: Basic Capabilities,” Robotica 18(December 2000):687-688. Full Text (HTML)
  4. Gregory M. Fahy, Ph.D., “A Gift From The Future,” Life Extension Magazine, October 2000. Full Text (HTML) ..... Full Text (HTML)
  5. Tom McKendree, More Reads on the Future, Reason Online, March 2000. Full Text (HTML)
  6. Greg Trocchia, “The MNT Bookshelf, Part 2: Nanomedicine,” Speaker's Corner/Nanotechnology, March 2000. Full Text (HTML) ..... Full Text (HTML)
  7. Richard P. Terra, “Nanomedicine: A Classic-In-The-Making. Multi-Volume Work Examines Medical Applications of MNT,” Foresight Update No. 38, 30 September 1999, pp. 1, 9, 13. Full Article (HTML)
  8. Robert J. Bradbury, CEO, Aeiveos Corp., “The `Bible' for 21st Century Bioengineering,” June 1999. Full Text (HTML)
  9. K. Eric Drexler, Ralph C. Merkle, quoted on back cover of Nanomedicine, Volume I, October 1999. Full Text (HTML)

 

 

Reviews of Nanomedicine, Vol. IIA (2003)

  1. Chris Phoenix, Interdisciplinary Triumph, Center for Responsible Nanotechnology (CRN), May 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  2. Nanomedicine, Vol. IIA, Plausible Futures Newsletter, 18 October 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  3. Robert J. Bradbury, CEO, Aeiveos Corp., “A timely contribution to nanotechnology literature,” October 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  4. Lawrence Rosenberg, Cecilia A. Haberzettl, Stephen S. Flitman, L. Stephen Coles, Owen P. Hamill, Michael Prater, Bai Xu, quoted on back cover of Nanomedicine, Volume IIA, October 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  5. Ralph C. Merkle, “How does the body react to medical nanodevices?” Foresight Update, No. 52, 31 August 2003, pp. 10-11. Full Text (HTML) ..... Full Text (HTML)

 

 

Reviews of Kinematic Self-Replicating Machines (2004)

  1. Dr. A. Bowyer, Engineering Becomes Biology, Amazon.com, 11 November 2006. Full Text (HTML)
  2. Moshe Sipper, Book Review,Artificial Life 12(Winter 2006):187-188. Full Text (PDF)
  3. Via Nanotechnology to the Stars,Centauri Dreams, 14 October 2005. Full Text (HTML)
  4. Tihamer Toth-Fejel, Best Book Ever Written on Self-Replicating Machines, Amazon.com, 6 December 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  5. “Newsline: New Robotics Books,”Robotics Today 17(Fourth Quarter, 2004):11. Full Text (HTML)
  6. J. Storrs Hall, “An encyclopedia of self-replicating machines,” Foresight Update, No. 54, 5 August 2004, p. 8. Full Text (HTML)
  7. Prepublication comments from 59 technical reviewers of KSRM, 2003. Full Text (HTML)

 

 

Books, Articles, etc. That Mention Freitas

  1. Dick Pelletier, “Your nanorobots future: life truly becomes magical,” IEET, 6 May 2014. Full Text (HTML)
  2. Adam Korbitz, “Altruism, Metalaw, and Celistics: An Extraterrestrial Perspective on Universal Law-Making,”in Douglas A. Vakoch, ed., Extraterrestrial Altruism: Evolution and Ethics in the Cosmos, Springer, 2014, pp. 231-250. Amazon Listing
  3. J.T. Barett, “Nanobot Technology,” Salon TechTips, February 2013. Full Article (HTML)
  4. James A. Robb, MD, “Constructing a Medical Nanobot– Part 13: Complex nanobots - the Microbivore and the Clottocyte,” Medscape Blog, 14 February 2013. Full Article (HTML)
  5. James A. Robb, MD, “Constructing a Medical Nanobot– Part 12: Complex nanobots - the Respirocyte,” Medscape Blog, 31 January 2013. Full Article (HTML)
  6. Brian Wang, “Robert Freitas Talks Nanomedicine and Medical Nanobots with Ray Kurzweil and a Reminder that DNA Nanomedical bots Already Exist,” Next Big Future, 24 January 2013. Full Article (HTML)
  7. Robin Cook, Nano, G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 2012. (Science fiction novel.) Amazon.com entry
  8. Rob Burgess, Understanding Nanomedicine: An Introductory Textbook, Pan Stanford Publishing, 2012, pp. 404-410. Amazon Listing
  9. Gonzalo Munevar, “Chapter 14. Self-Reproducing Automata and the Impossibility of SETI,” in Alexander C.T. Geppert, ed., Imagining Outer Space: European Astroculture in the Twentieth Century, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, pp. 275-277. Amazon Listing
  10. Brian Wowk, “Chapter 39. Health Care in the Year 2050,” in David W. Crippen, ed., ICU Resource Allocation in the New Millennium: Will We Say “No”?, Springer, 2012, pp. 323-333. Amazon Listing
  11. James A. Robb, MD, “Constructing a Medical Nanobot– Part 1: Origin,” Medscape Blog, 30 August 2012. Full Article (HTML)
  12. Will Soutter, “What is a Respirocyte?” Azonano.com, 28 June 2012. Full Article (HTML)
  13. Dick Pelletier, “Nanorobots: Radical Science in Clinical Trials by the 2020s, expert says,” Positive Futurist, 16 June 2012. Full Article (HTML)
  14. Rob Furber, “Who Wants to Live Forever? Inside the Cryonics Institute,” Sabotage Times, 23 May 2012. Full Article (HTML)
  15. “Nanorobotics,” Academic Room, 14 May 2012. Full Article (HTML)
  16. Josh Schonwald, “Chapter 19. The Nano Panacea,” in Josh Schonwald, The Taste of Tomorrow: Dispatches from the Future of Food, HarperCollins Publishers, 2012, pp. 262-274. Amazon Listing
  17. Brian Wang, “Computational nanotechnology by Freitas confirms that nanoparts from 1-2 nm nanodiamond components will be structurally stable,” Next Big Future, 20 April 2012. Full Article (HTML)
  18. Brian Wang, “How many people could live on earth using 10 kilowatts per person of clean energy,” Next Big Future, 14 April 2012. Full Article (HTML)
  19. Erik Seedhouse, Trailblazing Medicine: Sustaining Explorers During Interplanetary Missions, Springer, 2011, pp. 71-75. Amazon Listing
  20. R. Kanaparthy, A. Kanaparthy, “The changing face of dentistry: nanotechnology,” Intl. J. of Nanomed. 6(November 2011):2799-2804. Full Text (PDF)
  21. Penny Sarchet, “Nanofactories -- a future vision,” The Guardian (U.K.), 25 November 2011. Full Text (HTML) ..... See also Full Text (HTML)
  22. Stephen Laifer, “Book Review: The Future of Aging,” Life Extension Magazine, September 2011, pp. 81-84. Full Text (HTML)
  23. Mohamed Ghareib, Nanobiology: New Era of Biological Sciences, General Egyptian Book Organization (www.egypttianbook.org.eg), Cornich El-Nil, Ramlat Boulaq, Cairo, 2011.
  24. Dick Pelletier, “Nanorobots coming: Goodbye scarcity, hello healthier, longer lives,” Postive Futurist, 19 July 2011. Full Text (HTML)
  25. Belorussian translation of Nanofactory Collaboration website, courtesy of Mikalay Lisica, 4 July 2011. Full Text (HTML)
  26. Jim Lewis, “Mechanical manipulation of silicon dimers on a silicon surface (video),” Nanodot, 23 March 2011. Full Text (HTML)
  27. Michio Kaku, Physics of the Future, Doubleday, 2011. Excerpt (HTML)
  28. Dick Pelletier, “Medical nanorobots: Healthcare revolution moving closer to reality,” Postive Futurist, 8 March 2011. Full Text (HTML)
  29. Brian Wang, “Structural Stability of Clean, Passivated, and Partially Dehydrogenated Cuboid and Octahedral Nanodiamonds Up to 2 Nanometers in Size. A new nanotechnology article written by Robert Freitas and co-authors,” Next Big Future, 1 March 2011. Full Text (HTML)
  30. Adam Korbitz, Xenology, Metalaw and Thermoethics, Metalaw and SETI blog, 2 December 2010. (about Freitas' metalegal theories) Full Text (HTML)
  31. Jim Lewis, “Theoretical analysis of powering nanorobots with blood glucose and oxygen,” Nanodot, 4 November 2010. Full Text (HTML)
  32. Brian Wang, “Robert Freitas and Tad Hogg have a nanomedicine paper about powering microscopic robots,” Next Big Future, 2 November 2010. Full Text (HTML)
  33. Dick Pelletier, “Indefinite Lifespan Ahead,” Postive Futurist, 9 July 2010. Full Text (HTML)
  34. Peniel, “Kurzweil's New Movie 'The Singularity is Near' Debuts in New York,” Singularity Hub, 7 July 2010. Full Text (HTML)
  35. Michael Anissimov, “New Paper: Optimal Tooltip Trajectories in a Hydrogen Abstraction Tool Recharge Reaction Sequence for Positionally Controlled Diamond Mechanosynthesis,” Accelerating Future, 27 May 2010. Full Text (HTML)
  36. Brian Wang, “Diamond MechanoSynthesis paper from Robert Freitas and the Nanofactory Collaboration,” Next Big Future, 26 May 2010. Full Text (HTML)
  37. Brian Wang, “Robert Freitas Awarded Historic First Mechanosynthesis Patent,” Next Big Future, 12 April 2010. Full Text (HTML)
  38. Christine Peterson, “Freitas awarded first mechanosynthesis patent,” Nanodot, 12 April 2010. Full Text (HTML) ..... Robotic-Lab ..... Anchor Science Database ..... Insta-Pundit ..... Values and Principles Blog ..... Megite Science News
  39. Eliot Van Buskirk, “7 Disruptive Foods Changing the Way We Eat,” Wired.com Epicenter, 7 April 2010. Full Text (HTML)
  40. Brian Wang, “Online Interview with Philip Moriarty Who is Experimenting to Validate or Disprove the Computational Work of Freitas and Merkle Molecular Tooltips,” Next Big Future, 1 April 2010. Full Text (HTML)
  41. Rocky Rawstern, “What would you say?” Longevity Medicine, 15 March 2010. Full Text (HTML)
  42. Melanie Swan, “Engineering Life into Technology: the Application of Complexity Theory to a Potential Phase Transition in Intelligence,” Symmetry 2(23 February 2010):150-183. Full Article (PDF, 0.7 MB)
  43. Brian Wang, “Robert Freitas Details how Diamond Trees Would Control the Atmosphere,” Next Big Future, 17 February 2010. Full Article (HTML) ..... Nanodot ..... Accelerating Future ..... InstaPundit
  44. Sander Olson, “Ralph Merkle Molecular Manufacturing Interview,” Next Big Future, 16 February 2010. Full Text (HTML)
  45. “No Small Revolution,” Harvey Mudd College News, January 2010. Full Article (HTML)
  46. Seo-Young Chu, Do Metaphors Dream of Literal Sleep? A Science-Fictional Theory of Representation, Harvard University Press, 2011, pp. 240-241. Amazon Listing
  47. Dick Pelletier, “Nanotech promises increased wealth; more efficient healthcare,” Las Vegas Tribune, 27 January 2010. Full Text (HTML)
  48. Ralph C. Merkle, “2009 Feynman Lecture: Contributions of Robert Freitas to Molecular Nanotechnology,” 2010 Foresight Conference on Nanotech and AI, Palo Alto CA, 16-17 January 2010. Slide Presentation (PPT, 7.5 MB) ..... Brian Wang (blog entry) ..... Video of the Talk ..... Video of Feynman Prize Presentation
  49. Donal P. O'Mathuna, Nanoethics: Big Ethical Issues with Small Technology, Bloomsbury Academic, 2009, pp. 18, 129-131, 180-181. Amazon Listing
  50. Erik Seedhouse, Ocean Outpost: The Future of Humans Living Underwater, Springer, 2009, pp. 152, 169-178. Partial Text (HTML) ..... Amazon Listing
  51. “Section V. Nanorobotics,” in Parag Diwan, ed., Hand Book of Nanotechnology, Pentagon Press, 2009. Vedams Books listing
  52. Surfdaddy Orca, “The Manhattan Beach Project to End Aging by 2029,” H+ Magazine, 3 December 2009. Full Article (HTML)
  53. “No Small Revolution,” Campus News Briefs, Harvey Mudd College, press release, 19 November 2009. Full Article (HTML)
  54. Ronald Bailey, “The Methuselah Manifesto: Witnessing the launch of Immortality, Inc.?” Reason.com, 17 November 2009. Full Article (HTML)
  55. Shawn Stevens, LeeAnn Sutherland, Joseph Krajcik, The Big Ideas of Nanoscale Science and Engineering: A Guidebook for Secondary Teachers, National Science Teachers Association (NSTA), 2009, pp. 60, 63. Amazon Listing
  56. M. Saha, “Nanomedicine: promising tiny machine for the healthcare in future-a review,” Oman Med. J. 24(October 2009):242-247. (Full Article (HTML)
  57. Brian Wang, “Robert Freitas Wins the 2009 Feynman Prize for Theory,” Next Big Future, 7 October 2009. Full Article (HTML)
  58. J. Storrs Hall, “Foresight Institute Announces Feynman Prize Winners,” Foresight Institute press release, Nanodot, 6 October 2009. Full Article (HTML) ..... website ..... Foresight Institute Press Center (HTML) ..... Reuters (HTML) ..... CNBC (HTML) ..... Business Wire (HTML) ..... PhysOrg.com (HTML) (PDF) ..... San Jose Business Journal ..... KurzweilAI.net ..... Next Big Future blog ..... Accelerating Future blog ..... MSN MoneyCentral ..... iStockAnalyst ..... Nanotechwire (HTML) ..... Nanotechnology Now (HTML) ..... PR Iinside (Pressemitteilung) ..... David Kirkpatrick blog ..... Smarticle blog ..... Neo-Sentinel blog ..... Robotic-Lab.com ..... Green.TMCnet ..... StreetInsider ..... EuroInvestor ..... EarthTimes.org ..... TD Ameritrade ..... Scottrade
  59. “Telepathy -- one day soon, we'll all have voices in our heads,” BBC Focus Magazine, October 2009, p. 29. Full Article (3.0 MB, PDF)
  60. Douglas Harrington, “Holocaust Museum Design Team Architect Stephen Valentine Releases New Book -- "Timeship: The Architecture of Immortality" Explains His Plans For The Fort Knox Of Cryogenics,” Hamptons.com, 17 September 2009. Full Article (HTML)
  61. Alcor SAB and Alcor Board, “Endorsement of Molecular Nanotechnology Research and Development,” Cryonics 29(Fourth Quarter, 2008):3. (published August 2009) Full Article (PDF, 2 MB)
  62. Ralph C. Merkle, “Alcor Scientific Advisory Board Meeting,” Cryonics 29(Fourth Quarter, 2008):3. (published August 2009) Full Article (PDF, 2 MB)
  63. Øyvind Holen, “Future Noon,” D2 Today, September 2009. Full Article (HTML, in Norwegian) ..... Full Article (HTML, English translation)
  64. “Curriculum: Nanotechnology,” Singularity University, 2009 Graduate Studies Program, June 2009. Website (HTML)
  65. S.K. Prasad, Advanced Nanotechnology, Discovery Publishing House, 2008, pp. 30-76 (ISBN 978-81-8356-292-8). Plagiarism Alert: Although the author name "Freitas" seems not to appear in this book, Prasad's Chapter 4 text is an almost word-for-word plagiarism of Freitas' 1999 book Nanomedicine, Volume I, Chapter 3, starting at http://www.nanomedicine.com/NMI/3.1.htm. Complaints to the publisher have gone unanswered, so the consolation that imitation is the sincerest form of flattery must suffice.
  66. S.K. Prasad, Modern Concepts in Nanotechnology, Encyclopedia of Nanoscience - 5, Discovery Publishing House, 2008, pp. 113-177 (ISBN 978-81-8356-296-6). Plagiarism Alert: The author name "Freitas" appears in this book only where Freitas happens to mention himself; the entire middle of Prasad's book is a word-for-word plagiarism of Freitas' 1999 book Nanomedicine, Volume I, Chapter 1, starting at http://www.nanomedicine.com/NMI/1.1.htm.
  67. William Hanson, The Edge of Medicine: The Technology That Will Change Our Lives, Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2008, pp. 161-163. Amazon Listing
  68. Stanley Schmidt, The Coming Convergence: Surprising Ways Diverse Technologies Interact to Shape Our World and Change the Future, Prometheus Books, 2008, pp. 177-8, 182, 188, 203-5, 217, 224, 244. Amazon Listing
  69. Rebecca Sato, “Experts Say Humans Can Live to 1,000 -- Some Experts Want to Prevent That,” The Daily Galaxy, 11 November 2008. Full Article (HTML) ..... Full Article (HTML)
  70. Ronald Bailey, “A Step Toward Creating Medical Nanorobots,” Reason Online, 31 October 2008. Full Text (HTML)
  71. “Nanofactory Collaboration Colleague Awarded $3M to Conduct First Diamond Mechanosynthesis Experiments,” Nanofactory Collaboration press release, 11 August 2008. Full Article (HTML)
  72. Renata G. Bushko, “Nanofuture 101: Chromallocyte and DMS,” 1st Annual Unither Nanomedical & Telemedical Technology Conference, April 2008. Slide Presentation (PDF)
  73. Michael Michaud, Contact with Alien Civilizations: Our Hopes and Fears about Encountering Extraterrestrials, Copernicus, 2007, pp. 266, 327, 375. Amazon Listing
  74. “Nanorobots in Medicine - Nanomedicine,” Hawk's Perch Technical Writing LLC, 2007; http://www.understandingnano.com/nanomedicine.html
  75. Christopher Windham, “Advances in Nanomedicine,” Life Extension Magazine, December 2007. Full Article (HTML)
  76. Tristan Thielmann, “Nanomedien: Der Dritte Medienumbruch? Ein Interview mit dem Nanoforscher Robert A. Freitas Jr.,” in Tristan Thielmann, Jens Schroter, eds., Display II Digital, Navi Gationen: Zeitschrift fur Medien- und Kulturwissenschaften, Schuren Verlag GmbH, 2007, pp. 139-146. In German.
  77. Thomas Ming Swi Chang, “50th anniversary of artificial cells: their role in biotechnology, nanomedicine, regenerative medicine, blood substitutes, bioencapsulation, cell/stem cell therapy and nanorobotics,” Artif. Cells Blood Substit. Immobil. Biotechnol. 35(December 2007):545-554.
  78. Lisa Zyga, “Virtual 3D nanorobots could lead to real cancer-fighting technology,” PhysOrg.com, 5 December 2007. Full Text (HTML)
  79. “Mechanosynthesis toolset is important new step toward the nanofactory,” KurzweilAI.net, 6 November 2007. Full Text (HTML)
  80. “Nanotechnology prizes go to Leigh, Stoddart, Freitas, Ou,” Nanotechwire.com News, 10 October 2007. Full Text (HTML)
  81. Michael Anissimov, “Interview with Robert A. Freitas Jr.,” The Lifeboat Foundation, April 2007. Full Text (HTML)
  82. Nanotechnology images and video exhibit, Cité des Sciences Museum (Paris, France), May 2007. French version ..... English version ..... Dermal Display Animation
  83. “Will Science Cure the World?,” Awake! (Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania), January 2007. Full Text (HTML)
  84. Philip Smith, “Alcor Conference Charts Future of Medicine,” Life Extension Magazine, January 2007. Full Text (HTML)
  85. Steven A. Edwards, The Nanotech Pioneers: Where Are They Taking Us?, Wiley-VCH, 2006, pp. 28, 125, 160-161. Amazon Listing
  86. Lt. Col. R. Datta, Brig. S.S. Jaitawat, “Nanotechnology -- The New Frontier of Medicine,” MJAFI 62(2006):263-268. Full Text (PDF)
  87. Gregory Daigle, “Programmable Tattoos: Digital displays for your body,” OhmyNews International Science and Technology, 4 June 2006. Full Text (HTML)
  88. “The immortal question: are we on the brink of living forever?,” WorldHealth.net News, 3 May 2006. Full Article (HTML)
  89. Logan Ward, “Your Upgrade is Ready,” Popular Mechanics 183(May 2006):60-65. Full Text (HTML)
  90. Niels Boeing, “Die Medizin wird digital,” Technology Review online, German language edition, 20 April 2006. Full Text (HTML)
  91. Jay Palmer, “Live to 150,” Barron's (cover story), 17 April 2006. Full Text (HTML)
  92. “2006 Guardian Award Winners Develop Defenses Against Harmful Nanotechnology and Biotechnology,” The Lifeboat Foundation, March 2006. Full Text (HTML)
  93. Brian Wowk, “Nanomedicine and Cryonics,” Cryonics 27(Winter 2006):9-13.
  94. Joseph Manez, “Artifact from the Future: This Will Make Your Skin Crawl,” Fast Company, January-February 2006, p.35. Page Image (JPG, 0.3 MB)
  95. Bruce Flickinger, “Nanofactories: Glimpsing the future of process technology,” CleanRooms Magazine, January 2006. Full Text (HTML)
  96. Ronald Bailey, Liberation Biology: The Scientific and Moral Case for the Biotech Revolution, Prometheus Books, 2005, pp. 47-48. Amazon Listing
  97. T. Grossman, “Latest advances in antiaging medicine,”Keio J. Med. 54(2005):85-94. Full Text (PDF)
  98. “2029: Google Your Vitals with Skin Displays,”Popular Science 267(December 2005):26. Page Image (JPG, 0.6 MB)
  99. Karen Jones, “Hand Me My Data,” PC Magazine, 22 November 2005, p. 22. Page Image (JPG, 0.5 MB) ..... [Note: This article (and the earlier one by Tracy Staedter) fail to properly attribute the images to the artist who made them: Gina Miller, who has also produced a complete animation of the programmable dermal display in collaboration with Freitas. Freitas originally described the programmable dermal display in Section 7.4.6.7 of his book Nanomedicine, Vol. I (1999), and the concept was first illustrated by Figures 7.7A and 7.7B in that book. Gina Miller subsequently created still images and a lengthy animation of the dermal display at work, and a video (3:37 runtime) featuring the animation narrated by Freitas at a 2006 conference is available at Miller's website, and also at YouTube. The dermal display animation also appeared in the French documentary "Immortality" (2008) and the Japanese documentary "Shinpodo" (2008). See the related Skinput (2010) device.]
  100. Tracy Staedter, “Dermal Display Gets Under the Skin,” Discovery News, 18 October 2005. Full Text (HTML) ..... Full Text (HTML)
  101. Sander Olson, “Interview with Robert Freitas,” Nanotech.biz, 6 October 2005. Full Text, Part 1 (HTML) ..... See Also Part 1 (HTML) ..... Full Text, Part 2 (HTML) ..... See Also Part 2 (HTML) ..... Full Text, Both Parts (HTML)
  102. “La Deferlante 'Nano',” Le Journal du CNRS, No. 189, October 2005, pp. 18-31. Respirocyte Cover Art (JPG, 0.2 MB)
  103. “Visualizing the Future: Dermal Nanotech Display,” MedGadget: Internet Journal of Emerging Medical Technologies, 23 September 2005. Full Text (HTML)
  104. “This nanorobotic Microbivore...,” NextGeneration (The Generation Foundation), Fall 2005, p. 1. Page Image (JPG, 0.4 MB)
  105. Ray Kurzweil, The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology, Viking Penguin, 2005. Amazon Listing
  106. T. Kubik, K. Bogunia-Kubik, M. Sugisaka, “Nanotechnology on duty in medical applications,” Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 6(February 2005):17-33. PubMed Abstract
  107. Paul Gilster, Centauri Dreams: Imagining and Planning Interstellar Exploration, Copernicus Books, NY, 2004. Amazon Listing
  108. Brian Alexander, Rapture: A Raucous Tour of Cloning, Transhumanism, and the New Era of Immortality, Basic Books, 2004, pp. 194, 257. Amazon Listing
  109. Bill McKibben, Enough: Staying Human in an Engineered Age, St. Martin's Griffin, 2004, pp. 90-91, 98. Amazon Listing
  110. Howard Lovy, “Stop worrying and learn to love nanobots,”Howard Lovy's Nanobot, 28 December 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  111. Richard Jones, “Is mechanosynthesis feasible? The debate moves up a gear,” Soft Machines, 16 December 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  112. Ray Kurzweil, Terry Grossman, Fantastic Voyage: The Science Behind Radical Life Extension, Rodale Books, November 2004 (ISBN 1-57954-954-3). Chapter 2 Excerpt (HTML)
  113. Ronald Bailey, “Nanotechnology: Hell or Heaven? Perhaps a little bit of both,” Reason Online, 27 October 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  114. Adam Keiper, “Diamonds and Nano,” 2004 Foresight Conference Weblog, The New Atlantis, 22 October 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  115. Howard Lovy, “How big is nano?”Howard Lovy's Nanobot, 23 October 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  116. Adam Keiper, “Nanomedicine,” 2004 Foresight Conference Weblog, The New Atlantis, 23 October 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  117. John C. Miller, Ruben M. Serrato, Jose Miguel Represas-Cardenas, Griffith A. Kundahl, The Handbook of Nanotechnology: Business, Policy, and Intellectual Property Law, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 2004. Amazon Listing
  118. Yuriy Svidinenko, “Interview with Robert A. Freitas Jr., Nanotechnology News Network, 2 July 2004. Full Text (HTML) ..... Russian Translation (HTML)
  119. Doug Casey, “Nanomedicine: It’s in Your Blood, What We Now Know e-letter, Casey Research, 16 June 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  120. Reason, “I Was Happy To Leave Them To It Until They Started Picking on Nanomedicine, Fight Aging!, 8 May 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  121. Allen Tough, “Pequeñas Sondas Interestelares Inteligentes, El universo de Liberto, 3 March 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  122. Eugene Thacker, Biomedia, University of Minnesota Press, February 2004. Amazon Listing
  123. “Nanobiotech Pioneers Predict Nanomedicine Impact within Five Years," BusinessWire, 11 February 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  124. Waldemar Ingdahl, “Nitpicking Nanotechnology, Tech Central Station, 27 January 2004. Full Text (HTML)
  125. Sarah Irvine, ed., The Invisible World (6th grade children's reader), Weldon Owen Education, Auckland, New Zealand, 2003.
  126. Robert Ebisch, “Is Death a Disease? And will nanotechnology cure it? Delta Sky, December 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  127. Ronald Bailey, “The Smaller the Better: The limitless promise of nanotechnology -- and the growing peril of a moratorium, Reason Online, December 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  128. John Miller, “Beyond Biotechnology: FDA Regulation Of Nanomedicine,” Columbia Science and Technology Law Review, Vol. IV, 2002-2003. Full Text (PDF)
  129. Vinícius Romanini, “O Pai dos Nanorrobôs (The Father of the Nanorobots), Os Caminhos da Terra (The Ways of the Land), September 2003, pp. 58-59. In Portuguese. Full Text, with translation (HTML)
  130. Dwayne Hunter, “Leading Medical Journal Hails Arrival of Nanomedicine, BetterHumans, 29 August 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  131. Adam Keiper, “The Nanotechnology Revolution, The New Atlantis, August 2003. Full Text, annotated (HTML) ..... Full Text, unannotated (HTML)
  132. Howard Lovy, “Unfrozen Cave Men, Howard Lovy's Nanobot, Small Times, 27 August 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  133. James M. Pethokoukis, “Roboblood, U.S. News & World Report, 8 August 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  134. Ian Grayson, “Grateful dead on ice, Austrailian IT News, 20 May 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  135. David Rakoff, “I'm Dying to Meet You in the Next Life, Gentlemen's Quarterly (GQ), May 2003, pp. 196-201, 213-214. Brief Excerpt (HTML)
  136. James Hughes, “Reconciling humans, nature and technology, BetterHumans, 14 April 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  137. Simon Smith, “Thoughts from a Hot Zone: Give Me a New Immune System, BetterHumans, 7 April 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  138. Martin J. Rees, Our Final Hour: A Scientist's Warning, Basic Books, 2003. Amazon Listing
  139. Jack Uldrich, The Next Big Thing Is Really Small: How Nanotechnology Will Change the Future of Your Business, Crown Publishing Group, 1st Edition, 2003. Amazon Listing
  140. G. Wayne Miller, “Cryonicists know they face uncertain odds, but put faith in science,” The Providence Journal, 3 February 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  141. Bruce J. Klein, “Why physical immortality? BetterHumans, 2 February 2003. Full Text (HTML)
  142. John Frederic Kilner, Diane B. Uustal, C. Christopher Hook, Cutting Edge Bioethics: A Christian Exploration of Technologies and Trends, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2002, p. 58. Amazon Listing
  143. Mark Frauenfelder, “Cryonics conference brings out nanotech's extreme optimists, Small Times, 6 December 2002. Full Text (HTML)
  144. Doug Saunders, “Is dying necessary? Meet the optimists of the Life Extension Movement, who think 'natural death' is a contradiction in terms,” The Globe and Mail, 30 November 2002. Full Text (HTML)
  145. Ray Kurzweil, “The Alcor conference on extreme life extension, KurzweilAI.net, 22 November 2002. Full Text (HTML)
  146. Kristen Philipkoski, “A few ways to win mortality war,” Wired, 20 November 2002. Full Text (HTML)
  147. Kristen Philipkoski, “Who wants to live forever?” Wired, 20 November 2002. Full Text (HTML)
  148. David Ollier Weber, “Nanomedicine: The Next Little Thing,” Health Forum Journal 45(September/October 2002):1, 10-15. PubMed Abstract (HTML) ..... Full Text (HTML)
  149. Ronald Bailey, “Forever Young: The new scientific search for immortality, Reason Online, August 2002. Full Text (HTML)
  150. Ole Peter Galaasen, “Nanomedicine and the Future of Healthcare,” Plausible Futures Newsletter, 12 August 2002. Full Text (HTML) ..... Full Text (HTML)
  151. Michael Wilson, Kamali Kannangara, Geoff Smith, Michelle Simmons, eds., Nanotechnology: Basic Science and Emerging Technologies, Chapman and Hall, 2002. Amazon Listing
  152. Editors of Scientific American, Understanding Cloning, Warner Books, 2002. Amazon Listing
  153. Jeffrey M. Perkel, “Profile: Nanotech dreams, The Scientist 16(4 March 2002). Full Text (HTML)
  154. Albert Tsai, “Nanomedicine – The Medical Revolution,” Technology Commercialization Alliance, University of Southern California, 2002. Full Text (PDF)
  155. Chris Westland, Valuing Technology : The New Science of Wealth in the Knowledge Economy, John Wiley & Sons, 1st Edition, 2001. Amazon Listing
  156. Michael Becker, “At nanoscale, the laws of humans may not apply, Small Times, 30 July 2001. Full Text (HTML)
  157. Ronald Bailey, “Nanotech Negativism, Reason Online, 4 July 2001. Full Text (HTML)
  158. Kelly Morris, “Macrodoctor, come meet the nanodoctors,” The Lancet 357(10 March 2001):778. Full Text (HTML)
  159. Damien Broderick, The Spike: How Our Lives Are Being Transformed by Rapidly Advancing Technologies, Forge Press, 2001. Amazon Listing
  160. Carlos Alberto Teixeira, “As maquinas invisiveis do futuro: Nanotecnologia abrira as portas do mundo sub-microscopico,” O GLOBO - Informática Etc., 20 November 2000. In Portuguese. Full Text (HTML)
  161. Stephan Herrera, “The big science of nanomedicine,” Red Herring, 30 October 2000. Full Text (PDF)
  162. Gregory M. Fahy, Ph.D., “A Gift From The Future,” Life Extension Magazine, October 2000. Full Text (HTML) ..... Full Text (HTML)
  163. Henry R. Piehler, “The Future of Medicine: Biomaterials, MRS Bulletin, August 2000, pp. 67-69. Full Text (PDF)
  164. Frank Schirrmacher, “Beyond 2001: HAL's Legacy for the Enterprise Generation,” Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 1 August 2000. Full Interview (HTML) ..... Full Interview (HTML) ..... (Inactivated URL)
  165. Bernard Jensen, Dr. Jensen’s Guide to Body Chemistry & Nutrition, McGraw-Hill/Contemporary Books, 2nd Edition, 2000. Amazon Listing
  166. Myriam Lopez Blanco, “Robots del tamaño de una molécula podrán rastrear el organismo en busca de una lesión para reparar,” El Mundo, 8 April 2000. In Spanish. Full Text (HTML)
  167. Elena Capparelli, “Nanomedicina,” MediaMente, 27 May 1999. In Italian. Full Text (HTML)
  168. David F. Noble, The Religion of Technology: The Divinity of Man and the Spirit of Invention, Penguin USA, 1999. Amazon Listing
  169. James L. Halperin, The First Immortal, Del Rey Books, 1998. Amazon Listing
  170. Name engraved on Stardust Mission (first U.S. mission to a comet) Microchip #2 (see here).
  171. Steven Levy, Artificial Life: A Report from the Frontier Where Computers Meet Biology, Vintage Books, reprint edition, 1993. Amazon Listing
  172. Mentioned in Michael A.G. Michaud, Reaching for the High Frontier, Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc., Westport, CT, 1986. (HTML HTML)
  173. Christine Overall, “New Reproductive Technology: Some Implications for the Abortion Issue,” The Journal of Value Inquiry 19(1985):279-292. Reprinted as: Christine Overall, “Chapter 13. New Reproductive Technology (1985),” in: Patrick D. Hopkins, ed., Sex/Machine: Readings in Culture, Gender, and Technology, Indiana University Press, Bloomington IN, 1998, pp. 201-214. Google books entry

 

 


Last updated on 10 May 2014

Copyright 1996-2014. All Rights Reserved.

Return to Robert A. Freitas Jr. homepage